One thought on “The Instruction of Ptah-hotep: Joseph in Egypt

  1. Great article. It’s amazing how close some of the early ‘paganism’ of the Egyptians – such as the Ogdoad – when abstracted correctly into their functionalities, reveal much ideological congruence to Genesis (and even later Levitical Law and practices).

    I wonder whether you have read:
    1) ‘Divinity and Experience, The Religion of the Dinka’, by Godfrey Lienhardt
    2) ‘Nuer Religion’, by Evans Pritchard
    The parallels between Nilotic Cattle Culture and early Egyptian and early Israel cultic practices – especially their inheritance practices involving Eldest and Youngest son; patriarchal and matriarchal inheritance respectively – are striking, and make much sense of the multiple references of oldest-youngest son and father-mother relationships with their children (ReuBEN-BENjamin; Cain-Abel; Pharez-Zarah; Jacob-Esau, etc…). ‘Ben’, in Niloic, means ‘chief/master’ of a clan divinity group. There is also a relation between such oldest-youngest inheritance relationship and the ability for them to become ‘chiefs’ (see pg 82 of Leinhardt, 1961: Google Books link; ReuBEN-BENjamin = BEN-BEN? None of the other sons contained the nomen appellation of ben/son, except the first and the last sons.

    Keep up your good work exposing the anthropological parallels between Egypt and Israel, and if you haven’t already, make sure you read the above books, you won’t regret it. Cattle Culture is the next step to form a synthesis between Genesis and the anthropological ‘first time’.

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